Sphingidae Taxonomic Inventory

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Molecular phylogenetic and morphological studies on the systematic position of Heracula discivitta reveal a new subfamily of Pseudobistonidae (Lepidoptera: Geometroidea)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2019
Authors:Wang, H, Holloway, JD, Wahlberg, N, Wang, M, Nylin, S
Journal:Systematic Entomology
Volume:44
Start Page:211
Pagination:211-225
Keywords:BRAHMAEIDAE, CALLIPROGONOS, CONVERGENCE, WING PATTERN
Abstract:

"Heracula discivitta Moore is an uncommon moth species currently recorded from India, Nepal and China. Although this species has traditionally been placed in Lymantriinae, its systematic position in Macroheterocera has been enigmatic due to its unique morphological features. Here we used molecular and morphological data to explore the systematic position of H. discivitta. Our molecular phylogenetic analyses indicate that this species is sister to Pseudobiston pinratanai Inoue, a member of a recently established monotypic family Pseudobistonidae. The examinations of morphological features further show that H. discivitta shares synapomorphies with Pseudobistonidae. Based on the analysis results, we propose a new subfamily of Pseudobistonidae (Heraculinae subfam.n.) to accommodate H. discivitta. The resemblance of the habitus to that of the brahmaeid genus Calliprogonos Mell & Hering is discussed."

DOI:10.1111/syen.12326
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