Extremely similar to the African Hippotion eson but with more finely pointed forewings. Within Xylophanes, most similar to Xylophanes loelia and Xylophanes libya but immediately distinguishable from both by the deeper red coloration of the medial band of the hindwing upperside. Mesothorax and metathorax with a pale grey medial band that continues onto the abdomen as a pair of thin lines enclosing a darker olive-green or brown medial line; these three lines more distinct than in Xylophanes loelia and Xylophanes libya. Underside of wings more red than in Xylophanes loelia and Xylophanes libya, Forewing underside with first postmedial line narrow and continuous from inner margin to apex, a little less oblique than in Xylophanes loelia, but more so than in Xylophanes libya; fourth postmedial line also narrow and continuous (not formed from as series of vein dots as in Xylophanes libya and Xylophanes loelia); area between first and fourth postmedial lines distinctly yellow, contrasting with the pinkish coloration of the rest of the wing; black subapical dot usually very small; submarginal lines forming a sharp angle anterior to M3 (as in Xylophanes libya). Hindwing upperside median band bright red, broader than in Xylophanes loelia and Xylophanes libya, tapering towards and reaching, or almost reaching, the costa; outer margin of the median band convex and better defined than in Xylophanes loelia. Antemedial and postmedial bands of hindwing underside continuous (as in Xylophanes loelia); marginal band not interrupted, dentate between M2 and M3; marginal spot between Sc+R and Rs absent. Identical to Xylophanes loelia.