Syntypes [United States:] Marilandia [Maryland]; Jamaica; Antigoa [Antigua] (ex D. Fabricius) [????].
First described, but not named, by Drury, 1770, Illust. nat. Hist. exot. Insects 1: 61-62, pl. 28, fig. 3, who also received specimen(s) from St Kitts (St Christopher). Incorrectly attributed to Drury by Ménétriés, 1857, Enumeratio Corporum Anim. Mus. imp. Acad. Sci. Petropolitanae (Ins. Lepid.) 2 (Lepid. Heterocera): 92. Transferred to Xylophanes by Rothschild & Jordan, 1903, Novit. zool. 9 (suppl.): 678 (key), 703.