Sphingidae Taxonomic Inventory

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Taxonomische Änderungen beim platessa-Komplex der Gattung Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ["1816"] von Sundaland (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2022
Authors:U. Paukstadt, Paukstadt L. H.
Journal:Beiträge zur Kenntnis der wilden Seidenspinner
Volume:20
Issue:5
Start Page:143
Pagination:143-150
Date Published:06/2022
ISSN:1612-2674
Keywords:ANTHERAEA, BARCODING, BORNEO, CATALOGUE, COI, DNA, MALAYSIA, SATURNIIDAE
Abstract:

"The platessa-complex comprises some taxa closely related to the taxa of the frithi-complex (sensu Paukstadt & Paukstadt 2009) of the nominotypical subgenus of the genus Antheraea HÜBNER, 1819 [“1816”] (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Both complexes (clusters) are members of the frithi-subgroup of the paphia/frithi-group (sensu Nässig 1991). One member of the platessa-complex from Bassein, Burma [Myanmar] was originally described as Antheraea jana platessa ROTHSCHILD, 1903. Nässig (1992) figured the ♂ holotype by monotypy of A. jana platessa, which is preserved in The Natural History Museum (London) and noted that the name jana was misinterpreted for at least a century. The correct name for this taxon was A. platessa ROTHSCHILD, 1903. Consequently, Nässig (1992) elevated platessa to species rank. However, this was not a new status as noted by Nässig because Jolly, Sen, Sonwalkar & Prasad (1979) had already given full species rank of platessa either intentionally or unintentionally. In the same paper of Rothschild (1903) a further subspecies of jana was described: Antheraea jana fusca ROTHSCHILD, 1903 from Kuching, North Borneo as noted in the original description. Nässig (1992) designated a ♀ from The Natural History Museum (London) as lectotype of fusca ROTHSCHILD, 1903 with locus typicus Borneo and considered the name fusca ROTHSCHILD, 1903 to be a junior subjective synonym of platessa ROTHSCHILD, 1903. The conspecifity of Rothschild’s taxa was not in doubt on the basis of Nässig’s knowledge at that time. This taxonomic change was based on morphological comparisons of the adults. Thus, the taxonomic status has remained until today, cf. Paukstadt & Paukstadt (2009a, 2009b). In recent years, DNA barcoding (by BOLD) has given entomologists a great tool to find “hidden” new species and determine true distribution boundaries. Consequently DNA barcoding within the BOLD project (Canadian Centre for DNA Barcoding, Biodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada) confirms three geographical clusters of the following taxa in the platessa-complex in Sundaland: A. (A.) platessa ROTHSCHILD, 1903 from Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, and the island of Sumatra, A. (A.) fusca ROTHSCHILD, 1903 stat. rev. from Borneo (Brunei and Sabah), and A. (A.) raffrayi BOUVIER, 1928 from Indonesia (Java and Bali) which also makes sense from zoogeographical considerations. A. (A.) fusca ROTHSCHILD, 1903 stat. rev. is considered to be a distinct species based on DNA barcoding (by BOLD) and zoogeography."

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