Sphingidae Taxonomic Inventory

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A revised and annotated checklist of the Brazilian Sphingidae with new records, taxonomical notes, and description of one new species (Lepidoptera Sphingidae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2020
Authors:J. Haxaire, Mielke C. G. C.
Journal:The European Entomologist
Start Page:101

"A checklist with 196 Sphingidae species confirmed from Brazil is provided. Three species depends on confirmation and another five are likely present. The richest Brazilian state is Amazonas, followed by Pará with 101 and 92 species, respectively. Pictures and distribution maps for some little-known species are given. The following genus is a syn. rev.: Amphonyx Poey, 1832 of Cocytius Hübner, [1819]. The following genera are syn. nov.: Morcocytius Eitschberger, 2006 and Pseudococytius Eitschberger, 2006 of Cocytius Hübner, [1819]. The following species are syn. nov.: Amphonyx kofleri Eitschberger, 2006 and Amphonyx jamaicensis Eitschberger, 2006 of C. duponchel (Poey, 1832). The following species are syn. rev.: Amphonyx rivularis Butler, 1875 of C. duponchel (Poey, 1832). The following species are comb. rev.: C. beelzebuth (Boisduval, [1875]), Cocytius duponchel, C. haxairei Cadiou, 2006, C. lucifer Rothschild & Jordan, 1910, C. mephisto Haxaire & Vaglia, 2002, C. mortuorum Rothschild & Jordan, 1910, and C. vitrinus Rothschild & Jordan, 1910. The following species are stat. rev.: Isognathus brasiliensis Clark, 1919, Manduca paphus (Cramer, 1779), Nyceryx cratera Rothschild & Jordan, 1916, Nyceryx lemonia Gehlen, 1941, Orecta tithonus (Kirby, 1886) and Xylophanes reussi Closs, 1920. The following species are stat. nov.: Protambulyx fasciatus Gehlen, 1928, Madoryx dentatus Gehlen, 1931, and Nyceryx saturata Rothschild & Jordan, 1903. The following species is sp. nov.: Protambulyx pearsoni described from Guapimirim, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The following species are new records for Brazil: Manduca boliviana (Clark, 1923), Nyceryx lemonia, Xylophanes ploetzi (Möschler, 1876), and Xylophanes undata Rothschild & Jordan, 1903. Manduca duquefi Haxaire & Vaglia, 2007 and Manduca herbini Haxaire, 2014 are probable new country records that need future investigation and confirmation."

STI taxonomic comments: 
The publication date stated on the cover on volume 11, issue 3+4 of The European Entomologist is December 10, 2019, which was confirmed as the date of printing, as opposed to 5th December 2019, the date on which it was posted on the SMCR website (T. Melichar, pers. comm. to I.J. Kitching, 6.iv.2020). However, it remains to be confirmed whether 10.xii.2019 was the date of publication of a print copy that was available for sale or exchange, as required under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Consequently, the publication date is provisionally interpreted here as [2020] until evidence to the contrary is forthcoming.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith