Sphingidae Taxonomic Inventory

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Lepidoptera of Egypt Part III: Revision of Family Sphingidae (Bombycoidea)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2022
Authors:A. Mabrouk_Amer_Salem
Journal:American Journal of Entomology
Start Page:7
Date Published:02/2022

"Sphingidae, Hawk moths, sphinx moths, bee moths or hummingbird moths; are belonging to the Superfamily Bombycoidea, with about 1400 species recorded around worldwide. It is best represented in the tropics, but species are found in every region. They are moderate to large in size and are distinguished among moths for their agile and sustained flying ability, similar enough to that of hummingbirds as to be reliably mistaken for them. Their narrow wings and streamlined abdomens are adaptations for rapid flight. In Egypt, there is no revision since 2005, the 1st study done in 1985 and during last this study the family Sphingidae classified under superfamily Sphingoidea, during this study seven species under seven genera were recorded. Then, in 2005 Sphingidae was revised again and nine species under seven genera were recorded. Meanwhile during this study after the complete revision for this family was done and Sphingidae was transferred from superfamily Sphingoidea into superfamily Bombysoidea. Up to date in Egypt Sphingidae is not rich family of Lepidoptera, it is only present with 12 species belonging to 7 Genera under 2 subfamilies. 1st Subfamily (Sphinginae) represented by 3 species under 2 genera only; while the 2nd subfamily (Macroglossinae) represented by 9 species under 5 genera. The rich genus is Hyles and represented by 4 species. Acherontia styx (Westwood, 1848) is recorded as new record to the Egyptian fauna."

STI taxonomic comments: 
The records of Hyles lineata are surely misidentifications of Hyles livornica, probably originating from sources when the latter was considered to be a subspecies or synonym of the former. The occurrence of Theretra oldenlandiae is more difficult to explain but is certainly also an error. The moth shown in Figure 1 is taken from https://tpittaway.tripod.com/china/t_old.htm (unattributed and so breaking the licensing requirements of that site) and thus unconnected to the record and its source. Neither species is mapped for Egypt on this site.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith